Straw feed micro-storage technology

Straw feed micro-storage technology

Straw micro-storage is the addition of crop stalks to microbe-active bacteria species, placed in certain containers (cement ponds, cellars, tanks, plastic bags, etc.) or on the ground. After a certain fermentation process, the crop stalks become acid. , fragrant, alcoholic, livestock feeds. It is a kind of microbial fermentation. Because it ferments the stored feed by microorganisms, it is called micro-storage, and its feed is called micro-feed. Micro-storage is a method of using microorganisms to degrade and convert cellulose and hemicellulose in straw into bacterial proteins. The method has the characteristics of less pollution, high efficiency, and being conducive to industrial production, and thus becomes a trend for the use of crude fiber in the future. Micro storage facility. Micro-storage available cement pool, crypt, plastic bags can also be used. The concrete pool is made of concrete, yellow sand, and bricks to form rectangular pools underground. It is best to make two identical sizes for alternate use. The advantage of this pool is that it is not easy to enter the water, sealing is good, durable, high success rate. The advantage of the crypts is that the crypts are low in cost, simple in method, and large in storage, but should be chosen where the groundwater table is high, where the terrain is high, the soil is hard, the sun is dry, the drainage is easy, and the groundwater level is low. The size of cement pools and crypts is designed and constructed according to the required amount, and a depth of 2 meters is appropriate. The species is revived. "Starfish" brand live straw straw fermentation 3 grams per bag, can handle 1 ton of straw or 2 tons of green feed. Before treatment, the strains were poured into 25 kg of water and fully dissolved. 2 grams of sugar can be added to the water. After the solution is dissolved, live dry bacteria are added. This will increase the reactivation rate and ensure feed quality. Then put it at room temperature for 1 to 2 hours to rejuvenate the strain and become a reviving strain. The formulated bacteria must be used up on the same day. Preparation of broth. Pour the revived bacteria into well-dissolved 1% saline and mix well. The amount of salt water and bacteria is determined according to the type of straw, 1000 kg of rice, wheat straw plus 3 grams of live dried bacteria, 12 kg of salt, 1200 liters of water; 1000 kg of yellow corn straw plus 3 grams of live dried bacteria, 8 kg of salt, 800 Liquor; 1000 kg of green corn stalk plus 1.5 grams of live dried bacteria, water amount, without salt. Straw cut short. Straw used for micro-storage must be cut short, cows with 5 to 8 cm, sheep with 3 to 5 cm. In this way, it is easy to compact and increase the utilization rate of the micro-reservoir and ensure the quality of the storage material. Spray the bacteria solution. The short straw is spread on the bottom of the cell and is about 20-25 cm thick. Evenly spray the broth, compact it, and then spread 20 to 25 cm thick straw. Spray the broth again and compact it until it is 40 cm higher than the pit and then seal it. If the cellar is not filled on the same day. Can be covered with plastic film, the next day when the cellar is opened, the plastic film is continuously filled. Add corn meal and other nutrients. In the micro-storage of straw and rice straw, the addition of 5% corn flour, bran or barley flour can improve the quality of the micro-reservoir. When adding barley flour or corn flour and bran, spread a layer of straw and sprinkle a layer of powder, and then spray the bacteria solution once. Silage moisture control and inspection. Whether or not the moisture content of the micro-preservation feed is appropriate is one of the important conditions for determining the quality of the micro-preservation feed. Therefore, during the spraying and compaction process, it is necessary to check whether the moisture content of the straw is appropriate and whether it is uniform everywhere, paying particular attention to the convergence of the moisture between the layers, and avoid the occurrence of a dry layer. The check method for the moisture content is: Grab the straw sample. Twist with both hands, if water drops, its water content is more than 80%; if there is no water drop. After loosening the hand, I noticed that the water on my hand is very obvious, about 60%; if the hand has water (reflective) is about 50% ~ 55%; I feel wet hands, about 40% ~ 45%; not wet, then in 40 %the following. Microbial beverages with a moisture content of 60% to 65% are ideal. Cellar. When the stalks are layered and compacted by 40 cm above the cellar, after full compaction, the top layer is uniformly sprinkled with salt powder, and then compacted and covered with a plastic film. The amount of salt is 250 grams per square meter. The purpose is to ensure that the upper portion of the micro-reserve beverage does not deteriorate. After covering with a plastic film, spread 20-30 cm thick straw on the top, cover the soil 15-20 cm and seal. After the straw micro-storage, the storage material in the pits will slowly sink. The soil should be covered in time to make it higher than the ground, and a drainage ditch should be dug around to prevent the infiltration of rainwater. Open cellar. When opening the pit, start from one end of the pit; first remove the part of the soil and grass covered on the top, then lift the film and take it vertically from top to bottom. After each withdrawal, the cellar should be sealed with a plastic film to avoid contact with air to prevent secondary fermentation and deterioration. Before feeding micro-feeds, it is best to use a high-humidity stalk crusher to knead them into finely divided filaments to further improve the digestibility of livestock.

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