Harvest and Cultivation of Chinese Medicinal Herbs in Autumn

Harvest and Cultivation of Chinese Medicinal Herbs in Autumn

Autumn is the harvest season for many Chinese herbal medicines, especially roots, fruits and seeds, as well as the cultivation season for many Chinese herbal medicines.

The harvest time of Chinese medicinal materials—acquired Chinese herbal medicines must be based on the law of production and quality, according to the requirements of the Pharmacopoeia, to determine the appropriate harvest time and harvest time of certain Chinese herbal medicines. It must not be because the growth period is not enough. Harvest time and harvesting techniques are not suitable to affect the yield and quality of Chinese herbal medicines.

Root class: Platycodon grandiflorum is suitable for excavation from late September to mid-October. It will affect the yield prematurely. If it is too late, the root bark will be difficult to scrape and it will not be easy to dry. Gastrodia elata will be harvested in the early winter and its quality will be high. White buckwheat is harvested in September of the third year after planting. New roots occur too late, affecting yield and quality, and are not easy to dry. When the root Chinese herbs are harvested, they need to remove dirt and useless parts, such as residual stems, leaves, fibrous roots, etc., and some require fresh skin removal, such as the northern Adenophora, Platycodon, Pinellia, Arisaema, etc., and some require fresh processing. Such as yam, red ginseng and so on.

Fruits and seeds: When the leaves turn yellow and the seeds have been 80% mature, they will be harvested. If the harvest is too late, the mature seeds will fall off easily, resulting in a reduction in yield. The diplodocus will harvest if there is white powder and light yellow. The harvest is too early, the flesh is not thick, the seeds are immature, the harvest is too late, the flesh is thin, and the yield is reduced; the fennel is harvested when the peel changes from green to yellow-green, and if the peel becomes yellow, the fruit can easily fall off; Alice is harvested when the fruit is ripe and the skin is still green. Hawthorn is best harvested after frosting. Papaya should be cooked along with the harvest.

Flowers: Chrysanthemums are harvested when the petals are straight, 80% of the flower center is scattered, and the flower is white, usually from late October to early November. The saffron is collected from the first day of flowering to the next day at 10:00 am Collect, take the pistil stigma inside the flower and the red part of the style for medicinal purposes, generally from late October to mid-November.

Whole plants and leaves: buckwheat can be harvested continuously for 5 to 6 years, harvested 2 to 3 times per year, and Scutellaria barbata can be harvested from September to October in the year of planting. After that, 5, 7, and 9 per year. Month can be harvested once; mint generally harvested 1 to 2 times a year; Asarum live cultivating 4 to 5 years of harvest, breeding and transplanting cultivation 3 to 4 years of harvest; Mulberry leaves after frosting can be harvested.

Chinese herbal medicines planted in the autumn - Many Chinese herbal medicines can be sowed or transplanted in spring and autumn. In addition to special requirements that cannot be planted in autumn (Blanagan roots will blossom in the second spring, affecting the quality of herbs) Kind is better. The Platycodon grandiflora is suitable for sowing from early October to early November. After the seeds are mature, the sooner the seeds are sown, the better; the seeds of Bupleurum will be sowed before the soil is frozen in the late autumn and winter; the seeds of the white peony will be sown after the seeds are harvested from late August to early September; Sowing in mid-to-late September; White peony planting in mid-late September is appropriate, ramets planting time is generally in early October, but early planting is better; wind seeds can be sown after harvest; Codonopsis planted in the soil before freezing, The nursery was transplanted in the middle and early October; the Salvia miltiorrhiza was transplanted in October; the gastrodia elata was planted from late October to November; the lily was planted from September to October; the seedlings were planted with scales; the bulblet was planted; and the atractylodes was from late December to the following year. Planting is appropriate in late October; shoots are sown in early October; rhizomes are planted separately in autumn harvest; mint is planted from early October to late; honeysuckle is propagated from early September to mid-October; sprouts are propagated before germination; hawthorns are harvested in late September. Sowing in early October; Eucommia ulmoides from late October to early November; Magnolia seeding from late October to early November; medicinal peony propagation from late September to early October.

When planting Chinese herbal medicines in the fall, it is necessary to fully consider the growth habits of each Chinese herbal medicine and the requirements for the cultivation environment. For example, general root Chinese herbal medicines are afraid of water accumulation, Pinellia needs sunshading, Baiji avoids continuous cropping, and Codonopsis avoids high temperatures, etc. The actual situation of the selection of suitable Chinese herbal medicines for planting.

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